Derived from the word capital. In common practice it refers to the total amount of capital employed in a business. Capitalization deals with quantitative aspects of finance. Refers to the long term indebtedness and includes both the ownership capital and the borrowed capital. Means total par value of all the securities, i.e, shares and debentures […]
Basic research (fundamental or pure research) Driven by scientific curiosity or interest in a scientific question. The main motivation is to expand knowledge, not to create or invent something. No obvious commercial value to such discoveries. Objective of the research is to provide models and theories regarding some phenomenon. Examples: How did the universe begin? […]
Qualitative research: Dealing with phenomena that are difficult or impossible to quantify mathematically such as beliefs, attributes, values etc. Aims to gather in depth understanding of human behaviour and the reasons that govern such behaviours. Quantitative research Systematic empirical investigation of any phenomena via statistical, mathematical or computational techniques. The objective is to develop and […]
Selecting the research topic Narrow down the potential ones among the available issues in the particular area of research. Research problem should be neither too long or too narrow. Topic should be clearly defined and understood. Selecting a suitable research topic requires knowledge and time. Defining the research problem Clear and precise definition. All aspects […]
Estimating expenses Price determination Assisting managers in decision making process. Evaluating market trends Achieving competitive advantage To expand existing business Modifying products Improve customer acceptance New raw materials Improved manufacturing processes To explore new business Adopt innovative production technologies. Vigorous competition
Research Systematic, rigorous investigation of a situation or problem in order to generate new knowledge or validate existing knowledge. It is organised, systematic data based scientific inquiry, or investigation into a specific problem undertaken with the purpose of finding answers or solutions to it. Business Research Systematic, objective planning, collection and analysis of data relevant […]
At the time of promotion/incorporation of a company. At the time of expansion of an existing company. At the time of amalgamation and absorption of two or more companies. At the time of reorganisation of capital of a company.