- Any non-profit, voluntary citizens’ group which is legally constituted, organized and operated on a local, national or international level.
- They are task oriented and driven by people with a common interest.
- An organization that is neither part of a government not a conventional for-profit organization
- May be funded by governments, foundations, schools, businesses or private people.
Features of NGOs
- Support democratic system
- Function on non profit basis
- Non political in character
- Clearly defined objectives
- Limited external control
- Voluntary character
- Wide operational area
- Positive contribution
- Need financial support
- Interest in long term projects
Roles of NGOs
- Create awareness
- Protect human rights
- Encourage rehabilitation
- Gainful employment
- Combat man made crisis
- Protect environment
- Change agent
- Support weaker sections
- Roles with respect to entrepreneurial scenario:
- Entrepreneurial Development Program (EDP)
- Development of infrastructure
- Support innovation and pilot projects
- Provide technical assistance
Classification of NGOs
By the level of orientation
- Charitable orientation – activities directed towards meeting the needs of the poor.
- Service orientation – activities such as provision of healthcare, family planning, education etc.
- Participatory orientation – characterised by self help projects where local people are involved particularly in the implementation of a project by contributing cash, tools, land, materials, labour etc.
- Empowering orientation – help poor people to develop a clear understanding of the social, political and economic factors affecting their lives. To strengthen their awareness of their own potential power.
- Professional association – a group of people in a learned occupation who are entrusted with maintaining control or oversight of the legitimate practice of the occupation.
By the level of operation
- Community based organisations
- Created by people’s own interest
- Eg: sport clubs, women’s associations etc.
- To help people and aware them to understand their rights and provide required services
- City wide organisations
- Association of community based organisations
- Eg: chamber of commerce and industry
- National NGOs
- Function is to support local NGOs.
- Eg: Red Cross, YMCAs
- International NGOs.
- Funding to local NGOs
- Implementation of various projects
- Eg: UNICEF