Calculation and evaluation of the environmentally relevant inputs and outputs and the potential environmental impacts of the life cycle of a product, material or service.
The life cycle consists of the technical system of processes and transport routes used at, or needed for, raw materials extraction, production and use and after use (waste management or recycling).
Sometimes called a ‘cradle-to-grave’ assessment.
Users of LCA
- Industry and other commercial enterprises
- Governments and regulatory bodies